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Auction: 18002 - Orders, Decorations and Medals
Lot: 615

(x) Cuba, Republic, Order of Carlos Manuel Cespedes, Officer's breast Badge, 48mm, silver-gilt and enamel, good very fine

The Cuban Order of Carlos Manuel Cespedes was instituted in April 1926, to honour the Cuban planter who freed his slaves and made the Declaration of Cuban Independence in 1868, starting the Ten Years' War. Cespedes acted as 'First President of the Republic of Cuba in Arms' leading the movement for independence from the Spanish and the freedom of slaves. Deposed in 1873 via a leadership coup, he was killed by the Spanish during 1874 whilst in a mountain refuge. The Order is named in his honour and was renewed and modified during 1959 by Fidel Castro. Together with the Order, his portrait features upon the Cuban 100 peso banknote.

See Klietman, Dr K. G., Orders, Decorations and Medals of the Republic of Cuba (Journal of the Orders and Medals Research Society of America, Volume 39, 4, refers).

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